The paleolithic site in Mansuri
2006. 7. 4.
The paleolithic site in Mansuri, Chongwon were excavated for construction of Osong Bio-Health Science Technopolis. Mansuri site are located in Mihochon basin and the important sites of Paleolithic Age throughout its former and latter periods including Sorori site in Chongwon, Bongmyoungdong site in Chongju, Songduri site in Jinchon, Yonghodong site in Daejeon and Sokjangri site in Gongju etc. are widely distributed around it.
A sedimentary layer of the Paleolithic Age reaching 7 meters at location IV of the paleolithic site in Mansuri, Chongwon was confirmed, all of the six Soil Wedges showed. Five cultural layers with stone tools to 50~700㎝ beneath the surface the earth were confirmed and remains of 398 pieces were totally excavated. But except 3 cultural layers, excavation frequency of stone artefacts each cultural layer is considerably low.
And except collection of flakes of 3rd cultural layers, frequency of large-sized stone artefacts at most cultural layers is high. When it comes to the quality of the material of artefacts, quartz takes up considerable part at a highest rate and quartzite and sandstone is confirmed partly. Composition of stone artefacts is composed of large-sized ones, and they are almost composed of trimmed stone artefacts including scrapers, chopper-chopping tools, polyhedrals.
Meanwhile, various geological researches by Korean, French, Japanese geologists in this excavation survey were fulfilled intensively in order to widely understand the formation process of sites and analyze chronicles of sedimentary layers systematically and scientifically. It is expected to confirm significant findings regarding the formation process of sites in Mansuri and chronicles of sedimentary layers through these geological researches. Hereafter, the materials obtained from them could play an very important role in study of the Paleolithic relics in the Korean Peninsula.
by Institute of Cultural Properties at Hanyang University